Is Income Discrimination a Factor in the Recent Venezuelan Migration?

(Pages 1720-1727)

Jorge Guillen*
ESAN Graduate School of Business, Peru.


The following paper analyzes income discrimination during the recent Venezuelan migration in Peru. We use the survey “Encuesta Dirigida a la Población Venezolana (ENPOVE)” in order to proceed with our assessment. The ENPOVE surveys were conducted in 2018 with 9,487respondents (3,611 houses).The survey enabled the collection of socioeconomic variables and discrimination perceptions of Venezuelan residents in Tumbes, La Libertad, Arequipa, Cusco, Lima, and Callao. The results allow us to investigate the Peruvian labor market for low-skilled immigrant workers.

How to Cite:

Jorge Guillen. Is Income Discrimination a Factor in the Recent Venezuelan Migration?. [ref]: vol.21.2023. available at:

Licensee REF Press
This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.