Does Internet Use Lead to an Increase in Farmers’ Income? : Evidence From East Java

(Pages 909-915)

Dwi Budi Santosoa,*, Farah Wulandari Pangestutyb and Wen-Chi Huangc
a,bDepartment of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University, Indonesia.
cDepartment of Agribusiness Management, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan.


The agricultural sector is one of the dominant sectors in East Java's economic dynamics. Nevertheless, the per capita income of farmers in East Java is still relatively low. Promoting the adoption of digital technology for farmers is thought to be an effective way to improve farmers' welfare. Therefore, there are two objectives of this research. First, this study analyzes the determinants of internet use in farmer households. Second, this study analyzes the impact of internet use on farmer household income. The approach used in this study is a quantitative approach with cross-sectional data estimated using the Treatment Effect method. The data used comes from the 2021 National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas). The results show that using the internet can increase farmers' income in East Java, and the impact is bigger when it is used for productive purposes. This study shows that the socialization of the use of digital technology (internet) in the agricultural sector is a strategic policy, especially to increase farmers' income. In addition, there are three main challenges in accelerating the use of digital technology: i) increasing the participation of the younger generation in the agricultural sector; ii) providing financial assistance for access to digital technology; and iii) increasing digital literacy for productive activities.


Farmers’ Household, Treatment Effect, Susenas, Internet Use, Income.

How to Cite:

Dwi Budi Santoso, Farah Wulandari Pangestuty and Wen-Chi Huang. Does Internet Use Lead to an Increase in Farmers’ Income? : Evidence From East Java. [ref]: vol.21.2023. available at:

Licensee REF Press
This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.