Migration Policy: Impact, Challenges and Management Strategies

(Pages 1447-1456)

Vasyl Marchuk*
University of Trnava, Faculty of Philosophy, Political Science Department, Slovakia.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.55365/1923.x2023.21.159


Studying Ukraine’s policy on regulating migration flows and collaborating with EU states to promote their optimization is crucial given the intensifying European integration processes, the necessity for temporary asylum and protection for Ukrainian migrants, and the significant decline in the potential labor force. The purpose of the academic paper is to assess the impact of Ukraine’s migration policy on migration flows, and to determine the compliance of strategic goals of managing migration with the actual situation in the field of migration.
Methodology: The research authors apply systematic analysis to study the effectiveness of Ukraine’s migration policy in 1990-2021 using the International Organization for Migration (IOM) database and DEMIG (2015), statistics on migration flows from the World Bank (2023), Migration data portal (2023), The UN Refugee Agency (2023), the National Bank of Ukraine (2023). By the way, the authors also analyze the Strategy of State Migration Policy until 2025 to assess the impact of the policy on migration flows.
Results: Ukraine has an extensive system of state authorities implementing regulatory measures to control migration flows. This leads to a significant separation of their functions, inconsistency of activities and negatively affects the integrity and strategic goals of migration policy. Migration policy in Ukraine has evolved gradually; it is characterized by significant changes in the regulation of migration flows and the measures and changes introduced were generally of a less restrictive nature. Ukraine is characterized by a liberalized migration policy, with most regulatory measures applied to all nationalities. Particular policy measures relate to certain groups of migrants. They, in fact, are aimed at their protection and social security, integration into society. It was discovered that there had been no significant legal changes in the area of immigration regulation, in particular, with regard to the strategic management of immigration policy goals. In practice, there is a gap between the declared policy goals and the data on the number of migrants. Moreover, there is an insufficient level of efficiency and success of Ukraine’s migration policy due to the “gap in implementation” – the discrepancy between the documented policy and its actual implementation.


European integration, Management of migration flows, Migration flows, Migration policy, Migration strategies, Refugees.

How to Cite:

Vasyl Marchuk. Migration Policy: Impact, Challenges and Management Strategies. [ref]: vol.21.2023. available at: https://refpress.org/ref-vol21-a159/

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