Migration Problems on the European Continent Related to the War in Ukraine

(Pages 962-970)

Oleksandra Kapinus1,*, Oleh Pylypchenko2, Yuliia Kobets3, Elena Kiselyova4 and Vitalii Turenko5
1Candidate of Science in Public Administration, Lead Specialist, The Housing and Municipal Services Department of the Kharkiv City Council, The Office for Purchasing Coordination, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
2PhD in Economics, Doctoral Candidate, Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Kyiv, Ukraine.
3Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Political Institutions and Processes, Faculty of History, Politology and International Relations, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.
4Doctor of Legal Science, Associate Professor, Department of Administrative, Economic Law and Financial and Economic Security, Academic and Reasearch Institute of Law, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine, Visiting Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity.
5Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.55365/1923.x2023.21.106


The war in Ukraine has triggered the need for immigration to neighboring European countries and further displacement of citizens in search of better living conditions. In the context of war, the risks associated with violence, protection of women's and children's rights, human trafficking, etc. are increasing. The article aims to highlight the migration problems in European countries related to the war in Ukraine and the new wave of refugees. The research methodology includes the study of migration issues through the prism of demographic, economic, social, political, institutional, and legal dimensions of migration theory. To assess the dimensions of migration from Ukraine, secondary data from general regional studies and materials from The UN Refugee Agency (2023), including structured interviews with refugees from Ukraine, were used. The results show that migration from Ukraine has spread to the entire European continent. Refugees from Ukraine who crossed the borders of Poland, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, or others emigrated to other countries. Among the main problems of refugees from Ukraine, there is low employment due to the demographic structure and a high need for temporary protection. Moreover, other problematic aspects are a high proportion of children unregistered for education in the host country and difficult access to childcare services in the host country for children aged 0-4 years. Furthermore, people face difficulties in obtaining healthcare services. Migrants are gradually solving problems related to accommodation on their own. The primary needs of migrants from Ukraine are cash, employment, accommodation, medical and material assistance. The war in Ukraine has led to the need to change the legal mechanisms for providing protection and asylum to refugees due to their massive movement to safe regions of the EU. The legal change has eased the strict reception policy, however, it does not solve the long-term potential problems of migrants related to employment or integration.


Migration Problems of the EU; Refugees from Ukraine; Refugee Problems; Protection of Migrants.

How to Cite:

Oleksandra Kapinus, Oleh Pylypchenko, Yuliia Kobets, Elena Kiselyova and Vitalii Turenko. Migration Problems on the European Continent Related to the War in Ukraine. [ref]: vol.21.2023. available at: https://refpress.org/ref-vol21-a106/

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